Stadt trifft Fluss - Kaufplatzareal und Freiraumachse Weißer Main in der Stadt Kulmbach

City of Kulmbach
BHSF Architects
Landscape Architecture
NMM [Nicole M. Meier] landscape architecture, Munich

The former Kaufplatz area is located at a complex urban interface. Here, the “backside” of the old town meets large-scale urban extensions from the 20th century and the White Main as a special feature. A look back into the past reveals that a row-like, north-south oriented development still existed for a long time, which was aligned with the river and is still recognizable today in the idea section. Also evident is a prominent diagonal connection from the Holzmarkt to the former spinning mill area as well as river loops in the western idea section. These historical features are taken up in the proposal and translated into the present.

The new urban element develops a public connection around the diagonal Holzmarkt – Spinnerei Areal to a new waterfront plaza and usable waterfront zone. A new diagonal bridge on the waterfront indicates the direction to the former spinning mill area, where the sequence of squares is continued. Generous open spaces with campus-related uses occupy the area. Further west, the new Campus Axis East directs the view to the existing brick chimney and leads to the outdoor bus waiting area. From there, the sequence of plazas is guided by a new pedestrian and bicycle bridge over the new traffic circle, which readjusts and calms the existing intersection at Hans-Hacker-Str.

In the realization part, polygonal point buildings with mansard roofs are placed along the public connection, which in their volumetry and shape build a bridge to the old town. Outside these areas, buildings with a differentiated height development, flat roofs with roof gardens as well as green facades are staggered, which refer to the existing, simple row development.

The river bank is differentiated as an urban and green bank with river balconies and thus made differently experienceable. The public area connects the Holzmarkt with the former spinning mill area and is complemented with a new meeting point. Within the area, smaller spaces with different uses can be found. Thus, development courtyards alternate with green communal courtyards or private gardens, and roof terraces complement the offer.